The proper diet is as important for pets as it is for people, and since your pets can’t tell you what they are hungry for, it is even more important to get all of the information about their diet. Ask our doctors about the best diet for your pet.
Fleas are wingless insects that survive by biting and feeding on the blood of cats and dogs. Fleas infestations result in severe skin infections and rashes, severe anemia (lack of red blood cells), as well as transmit tapeworms, Bartonella, (the bacteria responsible for Cat Scratch Disease in humans), and Mycoplasma (a bacteria that attacks red blood cells). A single female flea can lay 50 eggs per day. The eggs these will hatch into maggots that will feed on the adult flea poop until emerging into new adult fleas that will attack your pet again.
Ticks are tiny arachnids (spiders) that survive by biting and feeding on many different animal species. Ticks spread many different debilitating diseases, such as Lyme Disease, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Ehrlichia, Anaplasma, and Tularemia to both dogs and cats, as well as humans. Cats and Dogs can carry ticks into your home exposing you and your children to tick bites. In 2016 in Rockbridge County, 1 in 4 dogs tested positive for Lyme Disease, 1 in 5 dogs tested positive for Ehrlichia, and 1 in 32 dogs tested positive for Anaplasma*.
Contrary to popular belief, a least one of the many tick species will be active year round in Rockbridge County, and pets require year-round tick prevention!
There are many different flea and tick preventatives available, some which can be applied topically, given orally, or embedded in a collar. Lexington Animal Hospital carries only FDA approved-products that are not only guaranteed to protect your pet but also incredibly safe for both you and your pet.
Learn more about Flea and Tick diseases in your area.
Dogs and cats that are bitten by mosquitoes can be infected by heartworms. They start as tiny larvae that are injected under the skin of the dog or cat. Over 6 months, the worms mature until they are ~14 inches long and then live and cause major damage to the heart and major arteries. Because the annual heartworm preventatives only kill the immature worms, and can cause a severe anaphylactic reaction when given to a pet with a mature worm, Lexington Animal Hospital requires annual testing for heartworm prior to prescribing a heartworm preventative.
Puppies and kittens naturally become infected with intestinal parasites, such as roundworms and hookworms, through the placenta from their mothers and through nursing. We recommend to deworm puppies and kittens regularly starting at 4 weeks of age until they are mature enough to be placed on a monthly heartworm/intestinal parasite preventative. Intestinal parasites can cause anemia, weight loss, failure to thrive, pneumonia, vomiting, and diarrhea, and in some cases death.
Dogs and cats also pick up intestinal parasites through predation (hunting and eating of birds, rodents, reptiles), scavenging of other animal carcasses, coprophagy (ingestion of another animal's poop), or through direct skin penetration when walking through contaminated environments. Hookworms, roundworms, and giardia are all zoonotic diseases, meaning that they also cause disease in humans.
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Saturday: 8:00 am - 11:30 am
28 Bones Pl
Lexington, VA 24450